When following the private prison industry it is easy to get swept away in the furvor of media reports of abuses, negligence, and insufficiencies while forgetting to answer a seemingly essential question: is privatization working? I spoke with Corrections Corporation of America lobbyist Laurie Shanblum last April, and from that conversation I believed that she felt the private prison system was indeed an effective fix for the present and legitimate plan for the future of corrections:
Private Prison Watch: What does the future hold for the corrections industry in the next ten to fifteen years?
Laurie Shanblum: I can see significant amounts of criminal justice departments contracting to CCA, and our hope is that entire police departments will privatize by this time, not just individual facilities.
PPW: If an entire police department became privatized, what would happen to the safety of the citizens if that company went bankrupt?
LS: If a [prison] company were to go bankrupt, I can see it being bought by another corrections company.
Aside from deflecting the question and not answering what I asked, this answer led me to believe that those involved in the prison industry believe that somehow their market for prisons will always exist–that prisons are really that great of an idea. Surely there is not shortage of demand for prisoners, as by 2008 the United States had incarcerated 2.3 million people, largely surpassing any other country or continent. Of these 2.3 million total prisoners, 1.2 million of them are or were in jail for drug crimes. These numbers are largely due in part to draconic punishments for non-violent crimes, a testament to the past. The prison market appears relatively stable… for now.
These conservative tough on crime policies are largely going by the wayside, which means the future for the prison industry appears bleak as drug policy reform would mean less available prisoners to fill the cells. More money in federal budgets has been allocated to rehabilitation clinics to treat drug addiction as a health problem rather than a criminal problem. The most popular solution in recent years has been the funding of Drug Courts:
“Eligible drug-addicted persons may be sent to Drug Court in lieu of traditional justice system case processing. Drug Courts keep individuals in treatment long enough for it to work, while supervising them closely. For a minimum term of one year, participants are provided with intensive treatment and other services they require to get and stay clean and sober; [they are] held accountable by the Drug Court judge for meeting their obligations to the court, society, themselves and their families; regularly and randomly tested for drug use; required to appear in court frequently so that the judge may review their progress; and rewarded for doing well or sanctioned when they do not live up to their obligations.”
The goal of Drug Court funding is to find an alternative place to store around half of the total incarcerated population of the United States while providing them their own specialized way of healing from their addiction. Barry McCaffrey recently wrote a piece where he quoted a retired Minnesota Judge Dennis Challeen’s thoughts on why prisons are a failing enterprise, from which one can infer the need for improvement:
“We want them to have self-worth
So we destroy their self-worth
We want them to be responsible
So we take away all responsibility
We want them to be positive and constructive
So we degrade them and make them useless
We want them to be trustworthy
So we put them where there is no trust
We want them to be non-violent
So we put them where violence is all around them
We want them to be kind and loving people
So we subject them to hatred and cruelty
We want them to quit being the tough guy
So we put them where the tough guy is respected
We want them quit hanging around losers
So we put all the losers in the state under one roof
We want them to quit exploiting us
So we put them where they exploit each other
We want them to take control of their lives, own problems and quit being a parasite on society
So we make them totally dependent on us”